Changing the field
agCensus is a unique agricultural census time-series database for England, Scotland and Wales developed by EDINA at the University of Edinburgh.
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About agCensus

agCensus offers access to a time-series database of grid square based data derived from the regular Agricultural Censuses of England, Scotland and Wales.

The Agricultural Census is conducted in June each year by the government departments dealing with Agriculture and Rural Affairs for Scotland, England, and Wales.

Farmers are surveyed in each year via a postal questionnaire, with the farmer declaring the agricultural activity on their land. In Scotland the census covers all major agricultural holdings, but in England and Wales a stratified sample of holdings are surveyed.

Data for non-surveyed farms is extrapolated from previous years and trends on comparable farms. The respective government departments publish information relating to farm holdings for recognised geographies for c.150 items of data.

Algorithms developed by EDINA convert small area data provided by the government agencies into grid squares of 2, 5 or 10 km.

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Unlock the potential of agricultural data

This is how agCensus can help you

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Grid Representations

agCensus data is standardised in 2, 5 and 10km grid representations, so you can visualise data consistently.

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All-in-one platform

agCensus brings together data from Scotland, England and Wales into one easy cloud service, so you don't need to source data from multiple government agencies.

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Clear licensing

In developing agCensus, EDINA have checked all licensing conditions with source agencies — we make it clear what you can and can't do with the data.

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Easy to view

agCensus data is ready for you to view in your own GIS, no need to manipulate tables of data — it's GIS-ready.

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Ready to present

agCensus data enables you to create a high-quality map layout ready to insert into any report or presentation.

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Historical data

agCensus raises awareness of what agricultural data exists across Scotland, England and Wales going back multiple decades.


agCensus data are available for a range of different spatial resolutions and time periods.

agCensus offers access to a time-series database of grid square based data derived from the regular Agricultural Censuses of England, Scotland and Wales.

The data for England and Wales are only available separately from 1999.

Prior to 1999, the data for England and Wales are grouped together.

More items may be available for a single country than for Great Britain as a whole. Our core products are produced at 10km, 5km and 2km resolutions for all years, except for England 2010.

The table gives an overview of the data available.

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Download Catalogue

Region Years Available Exceptions
Great Britain Harmonised sub set of variables for specific years: 1969, 1976, 1981, 1988, 1994.
England 2000, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2016 2km data not available for 2010 and 2016
Wales 2000-2018 2001
Scotland 1969-2019 1970-1978; 1980/83/87; 1998/1999 and 2002

What type of data are available?

sample map created from agCensus data
Example of mapped agCensus grid-square estimate data showing rough grazing potential across north west England
Copyright: University of Edinburgh. Derived from DEFRA/Welsh Govermnent/Scottish Government agricultural census surveys. Contains OS data. Crown Copyright and database right 2021.

A wide range of census variables are available. These vary by year and nation and include:

  • Cattle
  • Crops and Fallow
  • Farmers and workers
  • Beehives
  • Horses
  • Pigs
  • Poultry
  • Sheep
  • Soft fruit
  • Vegetables

...and many more

The data help understand what was produced, the quantities and their origin.

Data can be supplied in a variety of formats including csv, shapefiles and geotiffs.

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Getting the data is easy
How can we help?

Please complete the form to talk to one of our data experts for any questions related to:

  • Data information and availability: e.g, country, type of data and year
  • General enquiries (e.g. invoicing)
  • Quote requests

We will contact you as soon as possible.

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Who we are

EDINA are specialists in developing and delivering digital products including large-scale online services, mobile apps and digital tools for education.

Our expertise includes geospatial and satellite data, computational learning, text and data mining, e-preservation and machine learning. We have over twenty years’ experience and a proven track-record of collaborating on innovative projects and service delivery across the full digital lifecycle; employing an agile, customer centric approach, to design, develop, test and deploy scalable digital solutions.

An organisation rich in data expertise, we work closely with customers in the private, public and education sectors.

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